How to make your social movement more inclusive of neurodiversity

Some friends and I have been talking lately about the ways that people with learning disabilities, developmental disabilities and mental health issues have become excluded from the social justice organizations that we have been a part of. Even in grassroots collectives and unions that strive to be inclusive and where people know how to talk about disability, many people don’t know concretely what steps to take to make their organizing more inclusive of us. Here are some ideas to get you started.

(A couple notes on terminology: I use the term disabled people rather than people with disabilities because that’s how I prefer to refer to myself, and a growing number of people are referring to themselves that way. Here’s a good explanation of why. Neurodivergent is an umbrella term for people whose minds work differently than what is considered “normal” or socially acceptable. It often refers to people who have depression, anxiety or developmental or learning disabilities, though it can include other things as well. It is the opposite of neurotypical, which just means someone whose brain works “normally”.)

  1. Don’t expect everyone to do the same amount of work.

Too often people’s legitimacy as activists is judged by how many hours of work they put into their activism. Remember that we all have different capacities. Sometimes this is because we are required to look after family members or work extra hours to pay the bills, but some of us need a lot of time just to take care of ourselves. Nobody should be excluded because of this reality.

Being open about boundaries is a good place to start; a group that has regular conversations about boundaries is more likely to respect them. Active, enthusiastic consent is a good rule to live by and not just for sex: when you ask someone to step up to a task, it’s important to make sure you are not pressuring them into doing something that is beyond their capacity or comfort level. Talking about boundaries means that people are more likely to say no to things in the short term, but it also means that they will be more sustainable as activists in the long term.

  1. Accept people who are flaky, and find ways to include them.

Beyond respecting people who set boundaries, we need to respect people who back out of commitments at the last minute. If someone calls and says, “sorry, I can’t make it today”, tell them that it is okay, ask what they need, and figure out who can fill in for them. Of course this can end up being more work for the rest of the group and can be super frustrating, but it’s a good opportunity to have a conversation with the flaky person about how to rearrange responsibilities in the future. Even better: ask them what it was that made them have to back out, and (with their consent) try to find a way to stop the situation from happening again.

If your group doesn’t know how to deal with people backing out of commitments, it’s time to learn. For a movement to be sustainable, it should never rely too heavily on any one individual, and it’s better to assume that nobody can be expected at every single meeting and event.

If people are backing out of their commitments very frequently, it’s probably time to ask these questions: are some individuals overcommitted? or is the organization itself trying to do too many things at once? If so, it’s time for a change.

  1. Use diverse forms of communication.

People learn and communicate differently, and this isn’t an issue only for public schools. People leading workshops and teach-ins should be aware of different learning styles and address them appropriately, and meetings should allow space for people who want to communicate visually or by writing things down.

  1. Don’t over-pack your schedule.

Anyone who has ever organized a weekend-long conference or meeting knows that it will always end with the organizers being exhausted. It seems to be inevitable. I’d like to ask, when, exactly, did this become normal? The 9-to-5 schedule was invented by capitalism, keeps us dependent on it, and is certainly not healthy. It’s even harder to get through an 8-hour day if you have limited capacity. Training days, conferences, and meetings should be planned to be a lot shorter than 8 hours a day and should have plenty of breaks. Yes, you will cover fewer topics, but the ones that you do get through will be absorbed a lot better by participants because their minds (and yours) will be fresher and healthier.

Avoid having informal or extra meetings during break times.  Breaks are particularly important for people like me who live with anxiety, and holding informal meetings during break times means that some of us will be excluded from important conversations. I was once at a student activist conference with a very heavy schedule where the organizers realized at the last minute that they needed to have something about disability in the program. As a solution, they added a panel about disability during the lunch hour, when a lot of disabled people take necessary breaks. Having this panel over the lunch break left them with the difficult choice between participating in an important conversation about them or being a part of the rest of the day’s conference. Breaks should be always be breaks.

  1. Make space for emotion.

This might seem obvious, but too many of us continue to ignore the assertions and ideas offered by those who express it while crying. The same goes with anxious responses (for example, hand-wringing) and angry voices. Expressing emotions this way, as long as it isn’t harming others, is as legitimate as saying “I feel…” or “I think…” and should be taken seriously.

  1. Make community and Getting Shit Done separate things. 

Activist burnout is a real thing. Communities often form around social justice organizing, but when people have to bow out – for whatever reason ­– that shouldn’t mean losing their community – especially in a world where healthy community is scarce. When people bow out, don’t assume that means they don’t want to be a part of social activities. Make sure that if someone stops showing up to meetings or decides to take a break from activism, the community is still offering them support and social contact.

  1. Listen to disabled people and take us seriously.

This is probably the most important point. This isn’t an exhaustive list and neurodivergent folks are usually aware of how we are being excluded and will tell you how to improve, if you let us.

Remember that any disabled person you talk to knows a lot more about their disability than you do. An acquaintance of mine was once told by another activist that her Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) was not a disability and that it actually makes a person more “productive”. This is not a useful or acceptable attitude to have about other peoples’ disabilities or productivity levels. We get to decide how to define our disabilities, and what we need. Listen to us, ask what we need, and make it happen.

  1. Remember that having us in your group doesn’t make you special. 

I am not your token disabled friend and the fact that you’re reading this doesn’t mean your group is going to be completely accessible. Such a thing does not exist. Keep learning and keep thinking about how people might be excluded.

7 thoughts on “How to make your social movement more inclusive of neurodiversity

  1. Thank you so much for your insights. The practical implementation of PwD in society is so often overlooked, and creates a huge barrier for us. This should be shared widely,


  2. I especially like point 4. I have depression and I’m on medication that I take at night. Consequently I often have trouble getting up in the morning. I very often can’t make morning meetings, appointments or events that start early, like 9 or 10am, yet most mental health events/training start precisely then! If it’s an important event I sometimes stay up all night so I’m awake on time to get ready and travel to the venue. Many of us with mental health issues find mornings problematic, but this is rarely, if ever, taken into account, because the organisers, even if they have mh issues themselves, either work 9-5 jobs or are recovered enough to be able to get up early every day, and many of them have transport subsidised by their organisation. For people like me who are unemployed due to our disabilities, the cost of public transport can be a problem, but again, this is rarely taken into account even by services that are there to help us. The only barriers that seem to get addressed are to do with our illnesses, not the consequences like poverty and difficulty going places due to that poverty. One tip; if your group or organisation meets regularly in the community, try to avoid early starts and expensive bars/cafés/coffee shops in out-of-the-way places. What might be a reasonable cost for workers/organisers/facilitators may be prohibitive for service users/group members. Some of us simply don’t have the luxury of paying for travel AND refreshments, and so simply stop showing up, especially if we’re expected to show up early!

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  3. Hi, I found this piece life changing because I never thought someone like me with depression would be under the umbrella term neurodivergent. I’d been hammering away on the internet search engine and an academic database, and asking my social network if they have any more information about people with depression talking about depression as neurodivergent, and not a disorder or disease. I found not a lot of positive and very triggering content. I found out the autism community is strong in identifying as neurodivergent. I wanted to know which sources you read about that said depression is under neurodivergent and if by chance you know of people, books, other resources which detail depression as being neurodivergent,

    Much love,

    Depressed for 10 years


    1. Anisha, thanks for your comment. I think the reason you’re having trouble finding resources is that neurodivergence is a very new term and not a very easy one to talk about, although the idea has actually been around for a long time. This article is one that gives a general overview of the argument of what neurodivergence is, and includes details on depression (although I don’t agree with all of it):

      A lot of these arguments focus on what is the “upside” of these conditions, which I don’t agree with as the reason that people with depression should be considered neurodivergent. A lot of people with depression would argue that this isn’t helpful and that depression is mostly a bad thing. The reason depression and anxiety should be considered neurodivergence has nothing to do with the “upsides” and more to do with the fact that the problem doesn’t lie in the human being with depression, it lies in the way that society treats those human beings.

      I think of my depression as a reaction to society’s treatment of me. We don’t need a cure for autism. We need a society that includes autistic people. In the same way, the cure for depression isn’t (necessarily, always) medication, it’s a society that is accommodating of people whose brains react differently to how our society works.

      (Keep in mind, too, that depression is different for every person who experiences it and what works for you and me might be very different for someone else. Anything I propose doesn’t have to apply to all people with depression.)

      This question is a really important one and I think it might inspire me to write some more 🙂

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